How to Install Timber Flooring

Timber flooring is a popular choice for homeowners due to its natural beauty, durability, and timeless appeal. Whether you are considering a DIY project or hiring professionals, this guide will provide you with valuable information on how to install timber flooring and achieve a stunning result.

1. Prepare the Subfloor: The first step in installing timber flooring is to prepare the subfloor. Ensure the subfloor is clean, dry, and level. Remove any existing flooring material, such as carpet or vinyl, and fix any imperfections, such as cracks or uneven surfaces. It is essential to have a stable and solid subfloor to ensure a long-lasting timber floor.

2. Acclimate the Timber: Before laying the timber flooring, it is crucial to acclimate the timber boards to the room’s conditions. Place the timber boards in the room where they will be installed for at least 48-72 hours. This allows the wood to adjust to the temperature and humidity levels, preventing any potential issues such as warping or shrinking once the floor is installed.

3. Lay the Underlay: To enhance the stability, insulation, and acoustic properties of your timber floor, it is recommended to lay an underlay. Choose an underlay suitable for timber flooring, considering factors like noise reduction and moisture protection. Roll out the underlay perpendicular to the direction of the boards, trimming it to fit the room’s dimensions. Ensure there are no gaps or overlaps between the underlay pieces. Secure the underlay to the subfloor using tape or adhesive, if necessary.

4. Install the Timber Flooring: Now it’s time to lay the timber flooring. Start by placing the first board in the corner of the room, ensuring it is snug against the wall. Timber flooring can be installed using either a floating method or by nailing/gluing it to the subfloor, depending on the type of timber and manufacturer’s recommendations. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the specific installation technique required for your timber flooring. Use spacers to maintain a consistent expansion gap (approximately 10mm) around the perimeter of the room and between boards.

5. Cut and Fit the Boards: As you progress with the installation, you will likely encounter areas where full-length boards won’t fit. Measure the space and carefully cut the boards to fit using a circular saw or miter saw. Ensure accurate measurements and use appropriate safety equipment when cutting the timber. Remember to include the expansion gap when cutting and fitting the boards.

6. Complete the Finishing Touches: Once all the timber boards are installed, it’s time to complete the finishing touches. Install any necessary transition strips or moldings to cover the expansion gap around the perimeter and provide a seamless transition between rooms or different floor types. Sand the floor to remove any imperfections or unevenness, and apply a suitable finish, such as oil or lacquer, to protect and enhance the timber’s appearance. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the drying time and recommended maintenance of the chosen finish.

7. Regular Maintenance: To keep your timber floor in top condition, regular maintenance is necessary. Sweep or vacuum the floor regularly to remove dirt and grit, as they can cause scratches. Use proper cleaning products recommended for timber flooring to mop up spills and maintain the surface’s shine. Additionally, consider using rugs or mats in high-traffic areas to prevent excessive wear and protect the floor.

By following these steps and taking proper care of your timber floor, you can enjoy a beautiful and durable flooring solution that adds warmth and character to your home for years to come. Whether you choose to install it yourself or hire professionals, timber flooring will undoubtedly elevate the aesthetics of your living space.