How to Guide: Hardwood Floor Stairs

Hardwood floor stairs can add elegance and warmth to any home. Whether you are installing a new set of stairs or refinishing the existing ones, this guide will provide you with the necessary steps to achieve professional-looking results. Follow these instructions to create beautiful hardwood floor stairs that will enhance the overall aesthetics of your space.

Step 1: Measure and Plan

Before starting the installation or refinishing process, accurately measure the dimensions of your stairs. This includes the width, depth, riser height, and the length of each tread. Make sure to take into account any existing nosing or overhang on the steps. These measurements will enable you to calculate the amount of hardwood flooring material needed.

Once you have the measurements, consider the type and color of hardwood flooring that will best complement your home’s interior. It’s important to choose a flooring material that is durable and suitable for stairs. Solid hardwood or engineered hardwood flooring with a high-density core are excellent choices for stairs as they can withstand heavy foot traffic.

Step 2: Prepare the Stairs

If you are installing new stairs, ensure that they are properly constructed and structurally sound. Fix any loose steps, tighten any loose handrails, and repair any damaged areas. Sand down any existing finishes and remove any carpet, debris, or adhesive residue from the stairs.

For refinishing existing hardwood stairs, start by thoroughly cleaning them to remove dirt, dust, and any other residues. If the old finish is worn or damaged, you may need to sand the stairs to create a smooth surface. Sanding will also help remove any scratches or imperfections.

Step 3: Installation or Refinishing Process


Start by acclimatizing the hardwood flooring to the environment of your home. This can be done by leaving the flooring material inside the house for a few days to adjust to the humidity and temperature.

Begin the installation at the bottom of the stairs, working your way up. Apply a high-quality construction adhesive to the back of each hardwood plank, then firmly press it onto the tread and riser. Use a pneumatic nailer to secure the plank in place. Repeat this process for each step, ensuring the planks fit tightly together.


If you are refinishing existing hardwood floor stairs, start by applying a wood stripper to remove the old finish. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for application and removal. Once the old finish is removed and the wood is sanded, apply a new stain or finish of your choice. Ensure you apply the stain or finish evenly and allow sufficient drying time between coats.

By following these steps, you can achieve professionally installed or refinished hardwood floor stairs. Remember to take accurate measurements, properly prepare the stairs, and choose high-quality materials. Whether you are adding a touch of luxury to a new staircase or refreshing worn-out stairs, hardwood flooring will transform the look and feel of your home.