Brazilian Tigerwood is a highly sought-after and exotic hardwood known for its durability, beautiful color variations, and unique grain patterns. This wood is native to the tropical regions of South America, particularly Brazil, and is widely used for both indoor and outdoor applications. If you are considering using Brazilian Tigerwood for your next project, this informative guide will provide you with everything you need to know about this stunning hardwood.

1. Characteristics and Appearance: Brazilian Tigerwood, also known as Gonçalo Alves, features a distinct reddish-brown to orange-brown color with dark brown and black stripes, which resemble the patterns found on a tiger’s coat. The wood has a medium to coarse texture with a straight to wavy grain. This striking combination of colors and grain patterns makes Brazilian Tigerwood an excellent choice for both contemporary and traditional settings.

2. Durability: Brazilian Tigerwood is highly regarded for its exceptional durability. With a Janka hardness rating of 1850, this wood falls into the category of one of the hardest woods available. It is more than three times harder than oak, making it resistant to scratches, dents, and wear caused by heavy foot traffic. This hardness also makes it a suitable option for outdoor applications, such as decking and patio furniture.

3. Uses and Applications: Brazilian Tigerwood has a wide range of applications due to its durability and natural beauty. It is commonly used for flooring, decking, furniture, cabinetry, and even musical instruments. Its natural resistance to rot and decay also makes it an ideal choice for outdoor use. However, due to its density and hardness, be aware that it can make cutting and installation more challenging, so professional installation is often recommended.

4. Maintenance: Proper maintenance is essential to preserve the beauty and longevity of Brazilian Tigerwood. Despite its natural weather resistance, it is recommended to use protective finishes, such as oils or sealers, for outdoor applications to enhance its lifespan and prevent the wood from graying. Regular cleaning using a broom or vacuum and damp mopping with a mild wood floor cleaner is recommended for indoor applications.

5. Environmental Considerations: Brazilian Tigerwood is not listed as an endangered species. However, due to increasing demand and unsustainable logging practices, it is important to ensure that the wood is responsibly sourced. Look for suppliers with certifications from reputable organizations like the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) to guarantee that the wood comes from sustainably managed forests.


Brazilian Tigerwood is a remarkable hardwood that adds warmth, character, and a touch of exoticism to any space. With its exceptional durability, striking appearance, and wide range of applications, it is no wonder why Brazilian Tigerwood is highly coveted by homeowners, architects, and designers worldwide. By understanding its characteristics, proper maintenance, and responsibly sourcing the wood, you can enjoy the timeless beauty of Brazilian Tigerwood for years to come.